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Corona virus, also widely known as COVID-19 is a SARS-COV-2 virus that possibly originated from bats on Wuhan province of China. With more than 40 million cases and over 1 million deaths all across the globe, COVID-19 is said to be the greatest catastrophe human kind has ever faced since 2nd world war. Today, the virus is spreading at a rapid pace and to make the situation even worse, no antidote has been manufactured yet although the countries like USA, China and Russia are working on it.Once the virus got induced, it got spread rapidly all over the world.
There are many reasons for the rapid spread of this virus but two vital causes are: 1. Very high transmissibility of the virus2. Improvement and accessibility of international travel and tourism.It was anticipated that if not taken any interventions, 7 billon people would be infected and 40 million deaths would occur but if there is 60% reduction in the regular social contact, the data would be reduced to half. With the birth of COVID-19, it has been causing a great impact on various sectors like global health, economy, environment, etc. Observing health sector, what’s worse than millions of people being infected by a virus and thousands of them dying. Consumption of alcohol and tobacco products has increased than ever. But still, one positive aspect can also be observed in this sector i.e. the world has now been aware that the available health facilities are inadequate and to make it ample, huge effort are being put up rapidly across the globe.
COVID-19 has seriously jeopardized the global economy. In order to control the transmission of COVID-19, the best possible way is to launch lockdown throught the countries and that is what the governments have been doing since months. Although corona virus has been controlled by this method to huge extent but the economy has faced deadly outcome because of it. Domestic and International flights, railways transport, buseverything is stopped. Entire education, sports, commercial organizations are closed. Industries are suffering the most. Majority of them are closed. There’s no production and without production there’s no income. Because of this, employees are not getting paid and thousands are losing jobs. There’s sky rocketing in the unemploymentrate. Tourism has decreased at a rate of 50% to 70%. There is complete cessation in transportation sector.
Poverty rate is boosting up. Even the world’s biggest economies are facing price inflation as productivity has reduced and expenditure on health treatment has greatly increased. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has claimed that COVID 19 is the largest threat to global economy after the financial emergency of 2008/2009.Although the biggest drawback of COVID-19 is on physical health and economy of people, one more thing has been highly affected, i.e. human psychology. We humans are social beings. Socialization, Travel etc is our natural pattern of behavior. Due to corona virus and the lockdown, people are caged up inside their home for more than 5 months till date. To add more trouble, there’s economic crisis in many families specifically in the underdeveloped and developing countries. This has elevated the level of stress and anxiety among people globally.
Many people are heading towards depression due to loneliness. Due to psychological misbalance, domestic violence has also increased all across the globe. It won’t be wrong to claim that COVID-19 has gargantually destroyed the daily life pattern of humans but one thing has improved like never before i.e. environment. With no industries, vehicles and machineries operating, very less amount of pollution is being devised. Ecosystems are greatly recovering, ozone layer is refilling itself, oceans are cleared out, we can observe clear skies even in cities and with no demand of power in industries, fossil fuels aren’t being excavated much.Thus, COVID-19 has hugely transformed the human life. I am sure that soon enough, humans will be able to fight against this disease firmly and everything will be back to normal but till then it’s our prime responsibility to protect ourselves from this deadly disease by following simple preventive measures like staying in home, using mask and sanitizers, maintaining 6 foot distance between people and so on.